Vol 14 No 2 (2020)
Review

EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE PREPAREDNESS IN COUNTRIES BORDERING DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: LESSONS FROM WEST AFRICAN OUTBREAK: Ebola Virus Disease Preparedness

Otridah Kapona
Zambia National Public Health Institute, Kabulonga, Lusaka, Zambia
Kasonde Mpanga
Zambia National Public Health Institute, Kabulonga, Lusaka, Zambia
Alice E Tobin
Institute of Lassa Virus Research, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria
Danny Asogun
Institute of Lassa Virus Research, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria
Published July 31, 2020
Keywords
  • Ebola, EVD, Preparedness, Response, Infection Prevention and Control.
How to Cite
Okoror, L., Kapona, O., Mpanga, K., Tobin, A., & Asogun, D. (2020). EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE PREPAREDNESS IN COUNTRIES BORDERING DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: LESSONS FROM WEST AFRICAN OUTBREAK. African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID), 14(2), 36-41. https://doi.org/10.21010/ajid.v14i2.6

Abstract

Background: Ebola virus disease ravaged three West African countries in the wake of 2014 which was seen as the deadliest Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in history. Several lessons were taken out of the West African outbreak one of which is the lack of preparedness by countries in the region.

 Materials and Methods: This paper looked at the mistakes of the West African outbreak and reports how such mistakes were corrected in the current outbreak going on in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Preparedness efforts are currently taking place in countries bordering DRC which included quick detection and response to an eventual EVD event.

Results: This paid off on several occasions when cases from DRC to Uganda were quickly detected and response was as quick as possible. Preparedness carried out in Countries bordering DRC included setting up of Rapid Response Team (RRT) and training of these teams both at country and regional level. All members of the RRT were trained in all areas of readiness which included community engagement, laboratory, logistics, surveillance, case management, sample collection, packaging and shipment as well as Infection Prevention and Control (IPC).

Conclusion: These trainings have led to readiness to an eventual EVD event. Countries now have the ability to respond quickly with better Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) for EVD.