KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND RISK PERCEPTION OF COVID-19 AMONG NIGERIANS
Keywords:COVID-19, Pandemics, Risk, Knowledge, Attitude Perception, Nigeria,
Background: COVID-19 emerged as a novel disease with global health importance. Personal and collective behaviours have been modified to prevent the spread of this pandemic.
Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude and risk perception of Nigerians towards COVID-19.
Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between the 30th of April and 17th of May 2020 with a national representative across Nigerians using a combination of online and interviewer administered questionnaire.
Results: A total of 1,135 respondents participated in the study with a slight male preponderance (M: F=1.5:1). The mean age of the participants was 42±12.2 years with the majority (77%) between the ages of 26 and 55 years. The majority were aware of the pandemic, mostly through mass and social media. Most of the respondents demonstrated good knowledge of COVID-19 but the unaware minority (0.6%) were likewise uneducated. Educational status had no significant association with attitude towards hand washing and wearing of facemask (p>0.05). Risk perception was however low to moderate despite their concerns on COVID-19 and lack of trust in the governments’ response to the disease.
Conclusion: The risk perception of COVID is not encouraging, hence more advocacy and public orientation must be done to curb further spread of COVD-19 in our setting.
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